What Are the Long-Term Effects of Remote Learning on UK’s Children?

March 19, 2024

The outbreak of COVID-19 forever changed the world, particularly in how we educate our children. Traditional schooling methods were quickly replaced by a form of education that relied heavily on technology – remote learning. The transition was not easy. While it did offer certain benefits, it also posed a new set of challenges. Now, as we stand in the year 2024, it is time to understand and assess the long-term effects of remote learning on UK’s children.

Impact on Social Skills and Interaction

Before the pandemic, schools were a vibrant social hub for children. They not only learned academic subjects, but also participated in extra-curricular activities, made friends, and learned important social skills.

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However, remote learning transformed this dynamic. Children were now confined to their homes, interacting with their peers through screens. While they were still able to communicate, the lack of physical interaction and the loss of spontaneous moments in the playground or the lunchroom, may have had a long-term impact on their social development.

According to a study by the University of London, prolonged periods of remote learning have resulted in children being less confident in social situations. It also found that the lack of face-to-face interaction made it difficult for children to understand non-verbal cues and empathize with others.

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This impact on social interaction may also extend to children’s relationships with their teachers. In a traditional classroom setting, teachers could easily identify students who were struggling and provide one-on-one attention. Remote learning has made it harder for teachers to notice these cues, potentially leading to students feeling isolated and unsupported.

Learning Outcomes and Academic Performance

The switch to remote learning was a significant change in how children were educated. Aside from the technological challenges, it also raised concerns about the quality of education and children’s academic performance.

The effectiveness of remote learning greatly depends on the child’s home environment. Those from less privileged backgrounds who lack access to a quiet study space, reliable internet connection, or the necessary devices may have struggled more with remote learning, widening the already existing achievement gap.

A survey conducted by the Office for Standards in Education (Ofsted) found that children’s progress in reading, writing and mathematics had been significantly affected by the school closures. Students who were already behind in their studies were found to have been the worst affected.

In addition, the abrupt transition to online learning and the lack of face-to-face engagement with teachers may have resulted in a loss of motivation among students. This could have long-term implications for their academic performance and their desire to continue with their education.

Mental Health Concerns

The lockdown and subsequent shift to remote learning brought a host of mental health challenges for children. Isolation, anxiety, and a lack of routine were just some of the issues that children had to deal with.

A report by the Prince’s Trust found that the mental health of young people in the UK had deteriorated over the course of the pandemic, with many citing school closures and the shift to remote learning as contributing factors. The report stated that the lack of routine and the isolation that came with remote learning led to increased feelings of anxiety and depression among young people.

Furthermore, children with special educational needs and disabilities, who rely heavily on the support and routine provided by schools, were hit particularly hard. The sudden shift to remote learning may have exacerbated their conditions and made learning a much more challenging task.

Potential Benefits

Despite the challenges, remote learning also presented some opportunities that could have positive long-term effects.

For one, it taught children valuable technology skills. The use of digital tools for learning and communication became a necessity, and this could benefit students in the long run as digital literacy becomes increasingly important in the modern workforce.

Furthermore, remote learning offered a certain degree of flexibility. Children could learn at their own pace, take breaks when needed, and work during the times they felt most productive. This could potentially lead to more personalized learning experiences and foster an increased sense of responsibility and self-discipline in students.

The Role of Parents and Guardians

The shift to remote learning significantly changed the role of parents and guardians in their children’s education. They were no longer just supportive onlookers but active participants in the learning process.

This increased involvement in their child’s education could potentially have positive long-term effects. Parents and guardians may have gained a better understanding of their child’s learning style and needs, which could help them provide more tailored support. However, this also meant that parents and guardians needed to juggle their own work and other responsibilities with supporting their children’s learning.

In conclusion, the long-term effects of remote learning on UK’s children are a complex mix of potential benefits and challenges. As we move forward, it is crucial to learn from this experience and use it to improve our approaches to education, ensuring all children have the opportunity to thrive, regardless of the circumstances.

Digital Divide and Access to Education

The switch to remote learning has revealed a significant digital divide among the UK’s children. This is a critical issue as access to technology became a prerequisite for education.

According to a report by the Sutton Trust, around one in ten families in the UK does not have access to a laptop, desktop, or tablet at home. This digital divide is more pronounced in disadvantaged families, where one in five children do not have access to a device for online learning. This lack of access to technology has resulted in these children missing out on education during the school closures.

Furthermore, a reliable internet connection has become vital. However, not every family has access to a stable internet connection. The Children’s Commissioner for England highlighted that children from approximately 700,000 disadvantaged families have no access to broadband. This lack of connectivity has further exacerbated the educational inequality.

In addition, the switch to remote learning has revealed a gap in digital literacy. Not all children, parents, and teachers had the necessary skills to adapt to the new digital learning environment. The Department for Education launched the ‘Get help with tech’ scheme to provide support but the need for digital literacy training persists.

The Future of Education in the UK

The move to remote learning has certainly been a tumultuous journey, but it has also served as an opportunity for the education system to adapt and innovate.

Many schools have started to integrate technology into their teaching methods more fully. Edtech has the potential to personalise learning and make education more engaging. It can provide interactive content, assessment tools, and offer teachers valuable insights into each student’s progress.

The blended learning model, which combines in-person teaching with online learning, is being seen as a potential strategy for future education. This approach could offer the flexibility of remote learning while retaining the benefits of in-person interactions.

Moreover, the pandemic has highlighted the crucial role of schools in providing social and emotional support. As a result, there is now a growing recognition of the need for a more holistic approach to education, which not only focuses on academic outcomes but also on the overall wellbeing of students.

Furthermore, the experience of remote learning has emphasised the role of parents in their child’s education, potentially encouraging greater collaboration between schools and families in the future.


The long-term effects of remote learning on UK’s children are multifaceted and complex. While it has posed significant challenges in terms of social interaction, academic performance, and mental health, it has also highlighted the inequities in access to education and brought about potentially positive changes.

Going forward, it is crucial that the lessons learned from this period are not forgotten. There is a need for continued investment in digital infrastructure and training to ensure all children have equal access to education. The integration of technology in teaching methods, a more holistic approach to education, and greater collaboration between schools and families could also be part of the future of education in the UK.

Ultimately, the goal must be to use the experience of remote learning to build a more inclusive, flexible, and resilient education system that is capable of providing quality education for all children, irrespective of their circumstances.